Max Smeets is a senior researcher at the Center for Security Studies (CSS) at ETH Zurich. He is also an Affiliate at Stanford University Center for International Security and Cooperation and Research Associate at the Centre for Technology and Global Affairs, University of Oxford. Max was previously a postdoctoral fellow and lecturer at Stanford University CISAC and a College Lecturer at Keble College, University of Oxford. He has also held research and fellowship positions at New America, Columbia University SIPA, Sciences Po CERI, and NATO CCD COE. Before his academic career, Max worked in finance in London and Amsterdam.
Alexi Drew is an executive manager at the European Cyber Conflict Research Initiative (ECCRI). She is also a research associate at The Policy Institute (King’s College London) and an associate fellow at the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET). Her work focuses upon emerging technologies, the international norms surrounding them, and their impact upon international relations and geopolitics. Dr Drew was awarded her PhD from Royal Holloway, University of London and her thesis examined cyber capabilities and norm construction methods. She has since worked on a post-doctoral project examining the role of social media on conflict escalation funded by the U.S. Department of Defense and has researched and published on the role of Emerging Technologies in China’s foreign policy. Alexi has published articles in the Financial Times, Global Politics Review, and with the British Computing Society. She has a specific interest in information operations, cyber security, and artificial intelligence and blames her career path on too much Star Trek while growing up.
Dennis Broeders is Associate Professor of Security and Technology and Senior Fellow of the The Hague Program for Cyber Norms at Leiden University – Institute of Security and Global Affairs. His research and teaching broadly focuses on the interaction between security, technology and policy, with specific areas of interest in cyber security governance, internet governance, surveillance and Big Data and security studies.
Frédérick Douzet is Professor of Geopolitics at the University of Paris 8, director of the French Institute of Geopolitics research team (IFG Lab) and director of the Centre for Geopolitics of the Datasphere (GEODE). She is a Commissioner of the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace (cyberstability.org) and is a member of the French Defense Ethics Committee since January 2020. In 2017, she was part of the drafting committee for the Strategic Review of Defense and National Security.
Myriam Dunn Cavelty is a senior lecturer for security studies and deputy for research and teaching at the Center for Security Studies (CSS) at ETH Zurich. She studied International Relations, History, and International Law at the University of Zurich. She was a visiting fellow at the Watson Institute for International Studies (Brown University) in 2007 and fellow at the stiftung neue verantwortung in Berlin, Germany 2010–2011. Her research focuses on the politics of risk and uncertainty in security politics and changing conceptions of (inter-)national security due to cyber issues (cyber-security, cyber-war, critical infrastructure protection) in specific. In addition to her teaching, research and publishing activities, she advises governments, international institutions and companies in the areas of cyber security, cyber warfare, critical infrastructure protection, risk analysis and strategic foresight.
Jason Healey is a Senior Research Scholar at Columbia University’s School for International and Public Affairs specializing in cyber conflict, competition and cooperation. Prior to this, he was the founding director of the Cyber Statecraft Initiative of the Atlantic Council where he remains a Senior Fellow. Jason has unique experience working issues of cyber conflict and security spanning fifteen years across the public and private sectors. As Director for Cyber Infrastructure Protection at the White House from 2003 to 2005, he helped advise the President and coordinated US efforts to secure US cyberspace and critical infrastructure. He has worked twice for Goldman Sachs, first to anchor their team for responding to cyber attacks and later, as an executive director in Hong Kong to manage Asia-wide business continuity and create the bank’s regional crisis management capabilities. Starting his career in the United States Air Force, Jason earned two Meritorious Service Medals for his early work in cyber operations at Headquarters Air Force at the Pentagon and as a plankholder (founding member) of the Joint Task Force – Computer Network Defense, the world’s first joint cyber warfighting unit. He has degrees from the United States Air Force Academy (Political Science), Johns Hopkins University (Liberal Arts) and James Madison University (Information Security).
Monica Kaminska is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Hague Program for Cyber Norms, Institute for Security and Global Affairs at Leiden University and a PhD Candidate in Cyber Security at the University of Oxford. Her research focuses on states’ responses to large-scale cyber attacks and escalation dynamics in the cyber domain. Monica previously worked in the professional services sector in London and at the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office. She holds a master’s degree from the University of Cambridge and a bachelor’s degree from the London School of Economics.
Lucas Kello is Associate Professor of International Relations at the University of Oxford. He serves as Senior Lecturer/Director of the Centre for Technology and Global Affairs, a major research initiative exploring the impact of modern technology on international relations, government, and society. He is also co-Director of the interdisciplinary Centre for Doctoral Training in Cyber Security at the Department of Computer Science. His publications include The Virtual Weapon and International Order (Yale University Press), “The Meaning of the Cyber Revolution: Perils to Theory and Statecraft” in International Security, and “Security” in The Oxford Companion to International Relations (Oxford University Press).
Christian-Marc Lifländer serves as the senior cyber policy official of NATO’s International Staff. As head of the Cyber Defence Section, he is responsible for leading the development and implementation of cyber defence policy across NATO. Before joining NATO, Mr. Lifländer held executive and senior advisory level positions within the Estonian Ministry of Defence, including Acting Deputy Undersecretary for Defence Policy, Director of Policy Planning, and Adviser to the Minister of Defence. Mr. Lifländer also served as a Defence Counselor at the Embassy of the Republic of Estonia in the United States and as a Defence Counselor at the Delegation of the Republic of Estonia to NATO. Mr. Lifländer received a direct commission in the Estonian Defense Forces (Infantry) and has been awarded the Estonian Defence Forces Distinguished Service Decoration as well as Distinguished Service Decorations of the Estonian Ministry of Defence. Mr. Lifländer received his Bachelor of Science Degree in Engineering from the United States Military Academy, West Point. He received his Master of Arts in Security Studies from Georgetown University’s Center for Security Studies (CSS) in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service.
James Shires is an Assistant Professor at the Institute for Security and Global Affairs, Leiden University, an Associate Fellow with The Hague Program for Cyber Norms and a non-resident research fellow with the Cyber Project at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School. He is also a Research Affiliate with the Centre for Technology and Global Affairs at the Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford. His research examines cybersecurity in the Middle East, focusing on the interaction between threats to individuals, states and organizations, new regional dynamics, and the development of cybersecurity expertise.
Tim Stevens is Senior Lecturer in Global Security at the Department of War Studies, King’s College London and head of the KCL Cyber Security Research Group. He has researched and published widely on cybersecurity politics, policy and strategy and is presently researching fragmentation in global cybersecurity governance. Tim is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society and Senior Fellow and Associate Researcher at the Conservatoire national des arts et métiers (Cnam), Paris. His latest book is Pessimism in International Relations: Provocations, Possibilities, Politics (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019), co-edited with Nicholas Michelsen.
Big Cyber Ideas Festival Management
Jamie Collier is a Cyber Threat Intelligence Consultant at FireEye. He was previously the Cyber Threat Intelligence Team Lead at Digital Shadows and has completed a PhD in Cyber Security at the University of Oxford, where he remains active as a Research Affiliate with the Centre for Technology and Global Affairs. Jamie is also on the leadership team of the non-profit information security publication SecJuice. Jamie was previously based at MIT as a Cyber Security Fulbright Scholar and has previous work experience with the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, Oxford Analytica, and PwC India.
Florian J. Egloff (DPhil Oxford) is a Senior Researcher in Cybersecurity at the Center for Security Studies (CSS) at ETH Zurich. His research focuses on the politics of cyber security, particularly with regard to intelligence policy and the role of non- and semi-state actors in cyber security. Florian is also a Research Associate at the Centre for Technology and Global Affairs at the University of Oxford. Florian’s current research projects focus on the politics of public attribution, the role of non- and semi-state actors in cyber security, and the use of cyber intrusions for political purposes. In addition to his teaching and research activities, Florian provides strategic consultancy, expert advice, and training, including on cyber foreign policy, attribution, and cyber security, to public and private sector entities.
Robert Gorwa is a DPhil Candidate in the Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford, and a fellow at the Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society (HIIG) in Berlin. He works on platform governance, content moderation, and other transnational digital policy challenges, and has held research positions and fellowships looking at these issues at the WZB Berlin Social Science Centre, the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, the Oxford Internet Institute, Stanford University’s Project on Democracy and the Internet, and the Max Bell School of Public Policy at McGill University. His academic work has recently appeared in Information, Communication & Society, Big Data & Society, and Internet Policy Review, as well as popular outlets like the Los Angeles Review of Books and WIRED Magazine UK
Lilly Pijnenburg Muller is a PhD candidate at the War Studies Department and King’s College London and a member of the Cyber Security Research Group. Her research interests are cybersecurity, global security practices, international institutions, public–private relationships and risk/threat construction. Lilly has previously worked as a Research Fellow at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) and as a James Martin Fellow the Global Cyber Security Capacity Building Centre (GCSCC) at the University of Oxford.